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The links will provide some of the most commonly used tools with documented reliability and validity in user-friendly, "clinic ready" electronic formats that automatically score responses for clinicians and patients.
A critical component of evaluating functional deficits in the individual with a musculoskeletal condition is to understand how various impairments of the spine and extremities underlie or contribute to the inability to perform basic and instrumental activities of daily living.
Detailed examination using standardized instruments offers the opportunity to document specific dysfunctions of each anatomical region and at each lower extremity joint, compare individual findings to group norms, and document outcomes precisely.